What is LUTS?

LUTS, Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms, are symptoms related to the storage, voiding, and/or discharge of urine.  If you or your significant other notices a change in your urinary function, it may indicate a prostate disease or condition such as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).  It is recommended that you discuss any changes in urinary function with your physician.

Causes of LUTS1

  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with obstruction
  • Bladder muscle weakness and/or instability
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Chronic prostatitis
  • Urinary stone(s)
  • Prostate or bladder cancer
  • Certain neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injuries

Symptoms of LUTS

The most common symptoms related to LUTS1 are:

  • Frequency of urination
  • Urgency
  • Painful or difficult urination
  • Excessive urination at night
  • Poor stream
  • Hesitancy
  • Terminal dribbling
  • Incomplete emptying of the bladder
  • Leaking

LUTS symptoms are very common, especially in older men, and are not necessarily a reason to suspect prostate cancer.2 In fact, large studies of patients have also failed to show any correlation between severity of lower urinary tract symptoms and the diagnosis of prostate cancer.3 However, it is very important that if you are experiencing changes in your prostate function that you seek the advice of a physician.

1Campbell-Walsh Urology [Book] by Craig A. Peters 2Abrams P (April 1994). “New words for old: lower urinary tract symptoms for “prostatism””. BMJ 308 (6934): 929–30. PMC 2539789. PMID 8173393. 3Clinical Knowledge Summary; Urological cancer — suspected